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Scientific name: Ocimum basilicum
Family: Labiates (Lamiaceae)

There are several varieties of basil, and all are mainly used as culinary herbs – not only in Europe, but also in African and Asian countries. Its scientific name derives from the Greek word “ozein” meaning “scent”, referring to the strong aroma of this herb, while the word “basil” comes from the Greek “basilieus”, meaning “regal”, which is why this plant is also known as “the king’s herb”. Basil owes its strong aroma to a high content of essential oils.